1923) is on the direction of the right turn from Hoktember. The
excavated remains of Arghishtihinili/
spread over two volcanic hills and the intervening ridge which
rise out of the river plain. Site
of an Armenian capital
(formerly Shahriar, church) is further
the ruins are now a series of low stone walls and decaying
mudbrick, strewn with ancient pottery fragments and the occasion
ancient coin. On
the S edge of Nor Armavir, a paved road runs E to the
unprepossessing chapel and pilgrimage site of S. Davit, rebuilt
in 1833 on a foundation of ancient boulders.
The entire ridge above the church is occupied by the
massive walls of the Urartian city of Argishtihinili, founded ca. 776 BC by Argishti I, who added the Arax
valley and much of the rest of modern Armenia to his empire
based near Lake Van. A
cuneiform inscription discovered at the site says, “For the
greatness of god Khaldi, Argishti son of Menua, speaks.
I built a majestic fortress and gave it a name from my
own, Argishtihinili. The
earth was wilderness: nothing was built there.
Out of the rivers I built four canals; the vineyards and
the orchards were divided. I accomplished many heroic deeds there.”
There are still substantial remains of mud brick walls
visible in the scarp, and an ample scattering of potsherds, some
decorated, from the Iron Age to the Late Medieval period.